Python Booleans Unveiled: Separating Fact from Fictions - w9school

In Python, booleans are a data type that represents two possible values: True and False. Booleans are used to express logical conditions and are essential for control flow in programming.

Python Booleans Unveiled: Separating Fact from Fictions - w9school

Python Booleans

In Python, a boolean is a data type that can have one of two values: 'True' or 'False'. Booleans are often used to represent the truth values of logical expressions or conditions. Booleans only have two possible values. True or False.They play a crucial role in decision-making and control flow within programs.

Here's some information about Python booleans:

Boolean Values:

  • True: Represents a true or affirmative value.

  • False: Represents a false or negative value.

Boolean Operators: Python provides several boolean operators that you can use to combine or manipulate boolean values:

  • and: Returns True if both operands are True.

  • or: Returns True if at least one operand is True.

  • not: Returns the opposite boolean value of the operand.

Comparison Operators: These operators are used to compare values and return boolean results:

  • ==: Equal to

  • !=: Not equal to

  • <: Less than

  • >: Greater than

  • <=: Less than or equal to

  • >=: Greater than or equal to

Truthy and Falsy Values: In Python, values that are considered "truthy" evaluate to True in a boolean context, while values that are considered "falsy" evaluate to False. Some examples of falsy values include False, None, 0, empty strings, empty containers (e.g., lists, dictionaries), and instances of custom classes that define the '__bool__()' or '__len__()' methods to return 'False' or 0.

Conditional Statements: Booleans are commonly used in conditional statements to control the flow of a program. The if, elif (short for "else if"), and else keywords are used to construct these statements.

x = 10
if x > 5:
    print("x is greater than 5")
elif x == 5:
    print("x is equal to 5")
    print("x is less than 5")

Boolean Functions: Python provides built-in functions that work with boolean values:

  • bool(): Converts a value to its boolean equivalent.

  • all(iterable): Returns True if all elements in the iterable are truthy.

  • any(iterable): Returns True if at least one element in the iterable is truthy.

Ternary Conditional Operator: Python has a concise way to write simple conditional expressions using the ternary operator:

result = value_if_true if condition else value_if_false

These are some of the key aspects of booleans in Python. They are fundamental for controlling program logic and making decisions based on conditions.

Why Booleans are Important 

Boolean values in Python (True and False) are fundamental data types that play a crucial role in programming and logic.

They serve several important purposes:

  1. Conditional Statements: Booleans are essential for creating conditional statements (if statements, while loops, etc.). These statements allow you to control the flow of your program based on certain conditions. For example, you might want to execute a specific block of code only if a certain condition is met (e.g., if the user's age is greater than 18).

  2. Logical Operations: Booleans are used in logical operations like AND, OR, and NOT. These operations allow you to combine multiple conditions and make decisions based on their combined outcomes. For instance, you might want to check if both a user's username and password are correct before granting access.

  3. Comparisons: Boolean values are often the result of comparison operations. You can compare different variables or values to determine if they are equal, not equal, greater than, less than, etc. The result of these comparisons is a Boolean value that indicates whether the condition is true or false.

  4. Functions with Boolean Return Values: Many functions return Boolean values to indicate the success or failure of an operation. For example, the in keyword is used to check if an element is present in a list or other iterable. The startswith() and endswith() string methods return Boolean values indicating whether a string starts or ends with a given substring.

  5. Iterating and Filtering: Booleans are often used in loops and list comprehensions to iterate through collections and filter out elements based on certain conditions. This is helpful for processing data efficiently and selectively.

  6. Error Handling: Booleans can be used in error-handling scenarios to indicate whether an operation or condition succeeded or failed. This can help you manage the flow of your program and handle exceptions appropriately.

  7. Boolean Algebra: In more advanced programming, Boolean values are used to represent and manipulate truth values in logic and mathematics. This is crucial for designing complex algorithms and systems.

In essence, Boolean values are a foundational building block of programming that enable decision-making and conditional execution, allowing you to write code that responds to different situations dynamically. They are used extensively throughout software development for control flow, data filtering, and logical reasoning.

Boolean Values

You frequently need to know whether an expression in programming is True or False.

In Python, you may evaluate any expression to see whether it is True or False.

When two values are being compared, Python evaluates the expression and returns a Boolean result:


print(10 > 9)
print(10 == 9)
print(10 < 9)

Now Try it Yourself.>>

Python returns True or False when a condition in an if statement is executed:


Depending on whether the condition is True or False, print a message:

a = 200
b = 33

if b > a:
  print("b is greater than a")
  print("b is not greater than a")
Now Try it Yourself.>>

Evaluate Values and Variables

Any value can be evaluated using the bool() function, which returns True or False.


Analyze the following string and number:



Consider the following two variables:

x = "Hello"
y = 15


Most Values are True

Any content in a value is evaluated to True almost instantly if it exists.

  • Except for empty strings, every string is True.

  • Except for 0, any number is true.

  • Except for empty ones, every list, tuple, set, and dictionary is True.


The following will return True:

bool(["apple", "cherry", "banana"])

Some Values are False

There aren't many values that evaluate to False, aside from empty values like (), [],, "", 0 and None.  The value False, of course, evaluates to False.


The subsequent will result in False:


Now Try it Yourself.>>

If you have an object derived from a class having a '__len__' function that returns 0 or False, one extra value, or object in this example, evaluates to False:


class myclass():
  def __len__(self):
    return 0

myobj = myclass()

Now Try it Yourself.>>

Functions can Return a Boolean

Functions that return a Boolean Value can be written:


Print out a function's result:

def myFunction() :
  return True


Code can be run based on a function's Boolean result:


If the function returns True, display "YES!"; if False, print "NO!":

def myFunction() :
  return True

if myFunction():

The isinstance() method, which can be used to determine whether an object is of a particular data type, is one of the numerous built-in boolean functions in Python.


Verify an object's integer status:

x = 200
print(isinstance(x, int))

Overview of Python Booleans 

Certainly! Here's an overview of Boolean values and their usage in Python:

Boolean Values: In Python, Boolean values are either True or False. They represent the truthiness or falsiness of a condition.

Boolean Operators:

AND: The 'and' operator returns 'True' if both operands are 'True', otherwise it returns 'False'.

True and True  # Returns: True
True and False # Returns: False

OR: The 'or' operator returns 'True' if at least one operand is 'True', otherwise it returns 'False'.

True or False  # Returns: True
False or False # Returns: False

NOT: The 'not' operator returns the opposite of the Boolean value of its operand.

not True       # Returns: False
not False      # Returns: True

Comparison Operators:

  1. Equal: == checks if two values are equal.

  2. Not Equal: != checks if two values are not equal.

  3. Greater Than: > checks if the left value is greater than the right value.

  4. Less Than: < checks if the left value is less than the right value.

  5. Greater Than or Equal: >= checks if the left value is greater than or equal to the right value.

  6. Less Than or Equal: <= checks if the left value is less than or equal to the right value.

5 == 5   # Returns: True
5 != 3   # Returns: True
5 > 3    # Returns: True
5 < 3    # Returns: False
5 >= 5   # Returns: True
5 <= 3   # Returns: False

Conditional Statements:

Conditional statements allow you to execute different code blocks based on conditions.

x = 10
if x > 5:
    print("x is greater than 5")
    print("x is not greater than 5")

Boolean Functions:

Functions often return Boolean values, such as the 'startswith()' and 'endswith()' methods for strings.

text = "Hello, world!"
text.startswith("Hello")   # Returns: True
text.endswith("world!")    # Returns: True

Boolean in Data Structures:

Boolean values are often used for filtering elements in lists, comprehensions, and iterating through data.

numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
even_numbers = [num for num in numbers if num % 2 == 0]
# even_numbers is now [2, 4]

Boolean values are a fundamental part of programming in Python, used for decision-making, data filtering, and logical operations. They allow you to write code that responds to different conditions and situations in your program.

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